The world of service dogs can be so confusing. This guide will go through some of the most commonly asked questions regarding South Carolina Service dog laws, and some related information.
What Is Considered A Service Animal In South Carolina?
South Carolina service dog laws are not drastically different from federal service dog laws, but there are some state-specific laws that are good to know about. In South Carolina, a service animal, or a service animal-in-training, must be a dog.
The animal has been trained (or is in-training) to do work or perform tasks for a person who is living with a disability. Read about qualified disabilities under the ADA (Americans with disabilities act).
Jump to a section:
- What is a Service Animal?
- What is Not Considered a Service Animal
- Service Dog Documentation
- Organizations Online That Sell Shady Service Dog Items
- Public Access Rights
- Fake Service Animals
- Interfering With a Service Animal
- Other Dogs Interfering With a Service Animal
The work or tasks done by the animal must be directly related to the person’s disability. The training must be specific to the person using the animal. A service animal is not a pet.
The disability could be:
- Or another mental disability
The tasks or work done by the animal may include (but are not limited to) the following:
- Helping to guide someone who is visually impaired or blind
- Alerting a person who is deaf or hard of hearing
- Pulling a wheelchair
- Helping someone with mobility or balance
- Alerting others and protecting someone having a seizure
- Retrieving objects
- Bringing attention to the presence of allergens
- Providing physical support and help with balance and stability to someone with a mobility disability
- Helping someone with a psychiatric or neurological disability by preventing or interrupting impulsive or destructive behaviors and/or patterns
- Reminding someone living with a mental illness to take their prescribed medications
- Calming someone with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) during an anxiety attack
- Doing other specific work or performing other special tasks
South Carolina Service Dog Laws – What Is Not Considered A Service Animal?
While there are a lot of helpful types of dogs and animals, only a specific kind of animal counts as a service dog (see above).
The following do not qualify as service dogs in South Carolina.
- Animals or dogs that deter crime by their presence
- Animals who offer emotional support (emotional support animal), comfort, well–being, or companionship
Emotional support animal: an animal to provide companionship and reassurance
- Read more: Service Dog vs Emotional Support Dog
South Carolina Service Dog Laws – Documentation
The following items are not required for an animal to qualify as a service dog:
- Service dog vest
- Service dog markings of any kind
Vests, service dog markings, and service dog documentation can not be used as a reliable indication of whether an animal is legally a service dog.
A therapy dog/animal, emotional support animal, or another animal wearing a vest or having a special marking, does not make these types of dogs a service animal.
Be Careful Of Places That Sell Certifications & Vests
There are some “service dog organizations,” a lot of them online, who are selling what they call service animal vests, certificates, and other items. These companies often make misleading claims.
It seems like they are misleading some people into thinking that after buying these items, that they’ll be entitled to special rights and privileges that people with disabilities have with their service animals.
Buying these things does not “turn your dog into a service dog.”
Service dogs do not require vests, documentation, or certificates.
People who are living with disabilities are not required to have any of this for public access rights with their service dog. These places are only trying to make a quick buck.
South Carolina Service Dog Laws – Public Access Rights
If you are a person living with a disability and using a specially trained service dog, you’re allowed to go into public places with your animal; generally speaking you’re allowed to go anywhere that the general public is commonly allowed/invited.
Places of public accommodation includes:
- Train stations
- Bus stations
- + more
Places of public accommodations must allow a person with a service dog access to services, just the same as a non-disabled person. This is state – and federal – law.
South Carolina Service Dog Laws – Fake Service Animals
In the case where someone intentionally misrepresents their animal as a service animal, establishments face a dilemma. This is because federal law limits the information that can be asked by the business, and answered by the person with the dog.
People with these ‘fake service dogs’ are making it harder for people who are actually living with disabilities and real service dogs to have access to public places without being hassled. It’s not fair at all, but it is a real problem all around the country.
South Carolina Service Dog Laws – Interfering With A Service Animal
People Interfering With Service Animals
If someone receives notification that their behavior is interfering with the use of a service dog or guide dog, or its user, that person must not continue the behavior.
If they do, it is unlawful. Examples of interference include obstruction, intimidation, or jeopardizing the safety of the service dog, guide dog, or the person using the animal.
South Carolina Service Dog Laws – Other Dogs Interfering With Service Animals
It’s unlawful for someone to have reckless disregard for a service animal, guide dog, or the person using the animal, by letting their own dog interfere.
Examples of interference include a dog not contained by a fence, leash, or other containment obstruction. It includes intimidating, or otherwise putting the guard dog, service dog, or person using the dog’s safety at risk.
Anyone who violates these laws is guilty of a misdemeanor triable in magistrate’s court. Upon conviction, that person is subject to the maximum fines and terms of imprisonment in magistrate’s court.