Service Dogs In Quebec – Latest Laws & FAQ (2022)

Published Categorized as Canada
service dogs quebec

At this time, service dogs in Quebec don’t have a specific law. All people in Quebec who use a guide dog or service dog are protected by the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms.

It can be somewhat confusing to figure out the rules, laws, and guidelines for service dogs in Quebec. This article will go through many of the common FAQs people have about these special kind of working animals in this province.

Check out also: Where to Get a Service Dog in Canada

Service Dogs Ontario
Service Dogs Ontario
Service Dogs in Quebec
Goldendoole Autism Service Dog “Piper” @bri.and.piper

Jump to a section:

  1. What is a Guide Dog?
  2. What is a Service Dog?
  3. Emotional Support Animals
  4. PDD – Pervasive Developmental Disorders
  5. Symptoms of PPD
  6. Types of PPD
  7. How Can Service Dogs Help Children with PPD?
  8. People Living With Disabilities Are Protected in Quebec
  9. How to Recognize a Service Dog in Quebec
  10. Legal Rights of Animal Owners for Housing
  11. Can Landlords Refuse To Rent To People With Animals in Quebec?
  12. To File a Complaint

1. What is a Guide Dog?

What is a guide dog in Quebec?
Canadian Service Dog “Everest” @katelynburelle
  • Guide dogs help blind or visually impaired people to basically navigate through everyday life
  • They help by providing mobility and orientation to improve someone’s functional limitations
  • They help people to more fully participate in their community

2. What are Service Dogs in Quebec?

Emotional Support Animals
Service animals are task-trained for a particular person’s disability. Emotional support animals aren’t.
  • Service Dogs can help people who are living with a physical or cognitive disability
  • They help by increasing a person’s self-sufficiency
  • They can help people move around and they can take hold of objects
  • A Service Dog can alert a deaf or hearing impaired person to a wide variety of environmental sounds; acting as additional eyes and/or ears
  • Service dogs can help when someone has a seizure
  • These are just a few examples of how dogs can help people. There are many, many more
service animals are not pets
Service dogs are not pets, even though they may look like them.
What Service Dogs Can Do
Service animals can help people with a wide variety of visible and invisible disabilities.

3. Emotional Support Animals

Emotional support animals are similar to service dogs in that they help people by alleviating some of the effects of certain disabilities or conditions. However, emotional support animals are usually not specifically trained like service dogs.

Quebec does not recognize emotional support animals in any of their laws as of this time.

In the U.S., emotional support animals do not have public access rights, but they are protected under the Fair Housing Act when housing situations are concerned.

What is a service dog in Quebec?
Bishop Service Dog In “Training

4. PDD – Pervasive Developmental Disorders

  • Service dogs in Quebec and other areas can help people with PDD
  • PDD refers to a group of disorders which can be recognized by delays in the development of socialization and communication skills in children
  • Typically, signs are noted by parents before 3 years of age
  • However, signs and symptoms can also be noted as early as infancy
Symptoms of PDD Service Dog
Psychiatric Service Dog “Sarge” @sarge.in.service

5. Symptoms of PDD May Include

  • Problems with language – understanding it or using it
  • Difficulty with relating to people, objects or events
  • Unusual play characteristics with toys and other objects
  • Difficulty with changes to a routine or familiar surroundings
  • Repetitive body movements or behaviour patterns

6. There Are Several Types of PDD

  • ASD – Autism Spectrum Disorder – a developmental brain disorder
  • Disintegrative Disorder – Also known as Heller’s syndrome and disintegrative psychosis. This condition is characterized by delays in social function, speech and motor skills 
  • Rett syndrome (RTT) – A neuro-developmental condition that is characterized by the loss of spoken language and hand use. Usually coupled with the development of distinctive hand stereotypies (repetitive movements or sounds.) This disorder is discovered in infancy and happens almost exclusively in females
  • PDD – unspecified

7. How Can Service Dogs in Quebec Help Children with PDD?

How can service dogs help children with PDD in Quebec?
American Cocker Spaniel Service Dog “Bartek” @bartek_spaniel_wspanialy
  • Service Dogs in Quebec can be of assistance to children living with PDD
  • They can help to increase social interactions and enhance children’s safety
  • This can be true while at home or out in public

8. People Living With a Disability Are Protected in Quebec

Service Dogs Quebec people with disabilities have rights
@luna_exploregon

People with Disabilities Who Use a Guide Dog or Service Dog Have the Right to Access Without Discrimination


Businesses, restaurants and hotels, and other public places
• Transportation and taxis (open to the general public)
• Places of work and employment
Recreational facilities such as camp sites or movie theatres


If you have a Guide or Service Dog, you have a right to the same goods and services that are normally offered to the general public. This includes Airbnb.

You are permitted to these goods and services, without having to pay additional costs, and without discrimination.

People with disabilities have rights in Quebec not to be discriminated against
Border Collie @celestialbordercollies

Additionally, parents of children who are living with PDD – including Autism Spectrum Disorderare also protected. The Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms protects people when they are with a service dog or guide dog.

This is true whether with or without the child being present.

Parents are responsible for the animal and for the proper training of the animal.

9. How to Recognize Guide Dogs or Service Dogs in Quebec

There are a few ways to recognize guide dogs or service dogs in Quebec:

  • A Mira Foundation logo can be seen on the dog’s collar
  • A Lions Foundation logo can be seen on the dog’s collar
  • The PACCK Foundation Logo can be seen on the dog’s vest
  • The owner of the dog has a letter or card issued by a recognized dog training organization
Canadian Service Dog “Everest” @katelynburelle

It is up to individual landlords to determine and set rules about whether animals are allowed in their rental property. These will be stated in the lease and/or building by-laws.

If a tenant requires a service animal due to a disability, this requirement is based on the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

This overrules provisions contained in the lease, so, people with service animals therefore are allowed into housing situations that otherwise have a ‘no pets’ policy.

Service dogs in Quebec and other places are not pets. They are necessary medical assistance devices that happen to be alive.

Service Dog Remi Vs Emotional Support Anima
Working K9 “Remmi” @working.collie.remmi

11. Can Landlords Refuse To Rent To People With Emotional Support Animals or Service Animals in Quebec?

According to the Quebec Tribunal:

  • Lessors (landlords) have a right to refuse the presence of an animal in a dwelling
  • In signing a lease that states animals are not allowed, the lessee (tenant) must comply with that clause, under penalty of resiliation (termination)
  • However, the Tribunal administratif du logement may authorize the presence of an animal when the animal is used to palliate a handicap, such as a guide dog for someone who is visually impaired, just as one example
  • The lessee (tenant) must demonstrate that the animal is necessary to manage their handicap. This means usually that a doctor’s note is required
  • If the authorization is granted, the lessee still needs to make sure that their animal does not affect the right to peaceful enjoyment of other tenants

In other words, the Régie du Logement has ruled that tenants can have an animal for therapeutic purposes, as long as the tenant can prove it would be harmful to their health if they didn’t have the animal. A written notice from a doctor or psychiatrist is usually needed.

12. To File a Complaint

To file a human rights complaint, discrimination or harassment, visit this link to the Quebec Commission.

Read more:

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By Sam Nelson

Sam is an experienced writer, advocate for people with disabilities and mental health, dog lover, artist, philosopher, and generally complicated human being.

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